|The Hotel Rudolf was first opened by Charles Rudolf Myers as a 5-story frame building in 1895. It was located on the Boardwalk at New Jersey Avenue. After a few decades of operation under the Rudolf name, the hotel was purchased by Joel and Julian Hillman and renamed the Breakers. The Hillmans underwent a major expansion and remodeling of the property, spending over $4 million to turn the Breakers into an imposing 12-story hotel, with a 17-story façade overlooking the Boardwalk. The new Breakers was designed by Vivian Smith, a famed local architect who also designed the Ocean City Flanders Hotel, the Ventnor City Hall, and several other area hotels and businesses which are unfortunately now gone. When the Breakers project was completed in 1926, the hotel had 500 rooms, a convention facility, a banquet hall, a bathhouse, playrooms for children, a rooftop restaurant, and a special dietary kitchen. In 1931, the hotel was taken over by Emmanuel Katz, who rebranded the hotel with Kosher service. The Breakers became the first hotel in Atlantic City to observe Kosher dietary laws. Ownership of the Breakers again changed in the 1940s, when it was purchased by the Malamut family, and then, shortly after, taken over by the US Military to serve as soldiers’ barracks during World War II. As Atlantic City’s tourism economy declined after the war, the Breakers fell into disrepair. In 1965, it was declared a blight on the city, and was closed under the Urban Renewal Act. It was demolished in May 1974, along with many other buildings in the area, in the hopes that open space would be more attractive to developers. New development to the area did not come until the arrival of the casinos, however. The Breakers site finally saw new construction in the mid-2000s, and the opening of the Revel Hotel Casino on the land in 2012. Unfortunately, the casino struggled to profit, and closed in September 2014.|
| An undated postcard for the Hotel Rudolf .
From the Atlantic City Heritage Collections, H049.647.94Rud410.
| The impressive Breakers Hotel on the Boardwalk, no date.
From the Atlantic City Heritage Collections, H084.Breakers001.
For more information, see these resources in the Atlantic City Free Public Library, Atlantic City Heritage Collections:
Local History Subject Files – Hotels
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